mardi 16 septembre 2014

Top Tips Grammar: Verb + preposition

Main points

*Some verbs do not take an object and are normally followed by a preposition.
*Some verbs take an object followed by a particular preposition.
*Some verbs can take either an object or a preposition.

 

a) Many verbs that are used without an object are normally followed by a prepositional phrase. Some verbs take a particular preposition:

belong to hope for listen to refer to
consist of insist on pay for relate to
hint at lead to qualify for sympathize with

- The land belongs to a rich family.
- She then referred to the Minister’s report.

 

b) With other verbs that are used without an object, the choice of a different preposition may alter the meaning of the clause.

agree on/with apologize for/to result from/in
appeal for/to conform to/with suffer from/with

- They agreed on a plan of action.
- You agreed with me that we should buy a car.
- His failure resulted from lack of attention to details.
- The match resulted in a draw.

 

c) With verbs that are used without an object, different prepositions are used to introduce different types of information.

*‘about’ indicates the subject matter

care explain speak write
complain hear talk  
dream know think  

- We will always care about freedom.
- Tonight I’m going to talk about engines.


*‘at’ indicates direction

glance grin look smile
glare laugh shout stare

- I don’t know why he was laughing at that joke.
- ‘Hey!’ she shouted at him.


*‘for’ indicates purpose or reason

apologize ask wait
apply look  

- He wanted to apologize for being late.
- I’m going to wait for the next bus.


*‘into’ indicates the object involved in a collision

bump crash drive run

- His car crashed into the wall.
- She drove into the back of a lorry.


*‘of’ Indicated facts or information

hear speak think
know talk  

- I’ve heard of him but I don’t know who he is.
- Do you know of the new plans for the sports centre?


*‘on’ indicates confidence or certainty

count depend plan rely

- You can count on me.
- You can rely on him to be polite.


*‘to’ indicates the listener or reader

complain listen speak write
explain say talk  

- They complained to me about the noise.
- May turned her head to speak to him.


*‘with’ indicated someone whose opinion is the same or different

agree argue disagree side

- Do you agree with me about this?
- The daughters sided with their mothers.

 

d) Some verbs have an object, but are also followed by a preposition.

- The police accused him of murder.
- They borrowed some money from the bank.

Some verbs can take either an object or a prepositional phrase with no change in meaning.

- He had to fight them.
- He was sighting against history.

 

 

 

 

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Top Tips Abz Ingles: Part A    -    Part B
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See also:

Words related to Failure to Cooperate Irregular Verbs list
Common Phrasal Verbs Common Slangs
Common misspellings Regular vs Irregular Verbs
Common Errors Frequently confused words
Common Slangs Lista de Términos Gramaticales
Common Clichés Common Prepositions

 

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